Niladri Talukder, Yudong Wang, Bharath Babu Nunna, Xiao Tong, Jorge Anibal Boscoboinik, Eon Soo Lee (2023/08)
Volume 1, Page 360-375, Industrial Chemistry & Materials
To develop graphene-based nanomaterials as reliable catalysts for electrochemical energy conversion and storage systems (e.g. PEM fuel cells, metal–air batteries, etc.), it is imperative to critically understand their performance changes and correlated material degradation processes under different operational conditions. In these systems, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is often an inevitable byproduct of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction, which can be detrimental to the catalysts, electrodes, and electrolyte materials. Here, we studied how the electrocatalytic performance changes for a heterogeneous nanocatalyst named nitrogen-doped graphene integrated with a metal–organic framework (N-G/MOF) by the effect of H2O2, and correlated the degradation process of the catalyst in terms of the changes in elemental compositions, chemical bonds, crystal structures, and morphology. The catalyst samples were treated with five different concentrations of H2O2 to emulate the operational conditions and examined to quantify the changes in electrocatalytic performances in an alkaline medium, elemental composition and chemical bonds, crystal structure, and morphology. The electrocatalytic performance considerably declined as the H2O2 concentration reached above 0.1 M. The XPS analyses suggest the formation of different oxygen functional groups on the material surface, the breakdown of the material’s C–C bonds, and a sharp decline in pyridinic-N functional groups due to gradually harsher H2O2 treatments. In higher concentrations, the H2O2-derived radicals altered the crystalline and morphological features of the catalyst.